What are the 10 principles of smart growth?
The 10 principles below are considered the foundation of a smart growth approach — click on each principle to learn more.
- Mix land uses. …
- Take advantage of compact design. …
- Create a range of housing opportunities and choices. …
- Create walkable neighborhoods.
What is a Smart Growth city?
Smart growth is an urban planning and transportation theory that concentrates growth in compact walkable urban centers to avoid sprawl. … The term “smart growth” is particularly used in North America.
What are some principles of smart growth and new urbanism?
1) Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities. 2) Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas. 3) Build compact communities. 4) Build walkable neighborhoods.
Why is Smart Growth bad?
It examines various criticisms of Smart Growth including the claims that it harms consumers, infringes on freedom, increases traffic congestion and air pollution, reduces housing affordability, causes social problems, increases public service costs, requires wasteful transit subsidies and is unjustified.
What are some examples of smart growth?
Smart Growth Principle Examples
- Take Advantage of Compact Building Design.
- Create a Range of Housing Opportunities and Choices.
- Create Walkable Neighborhoods.
- Foster Distinctive, Attractive Communities with a Strong Sense of Place.
- Preserve Open Space, Farmland, Natural Beauty and Critical Environmental Areas.
- Provide a Variety of Transportation Choices.
What are smart growth tools?
General Smart Growth Tools
Smart Growth Self-Assessment for Rural Communities – Tool that lets communities evaluate their existing policies to create healthy, environmentally resilient, and economically robust places.
What was Portland’s smart growth approach?
The annual “New Partners for Smart Growth” conference opens in Portland on Thursday, February 11. “Smart Growth” refers to an amorphous planning theory favoring (or requiring) high urban densities, mixed-use development, and non-auto travel.
What is the goal of new urbanism?
New urbanism is an urban design movement that became very popular beginning in the 1980s and is still rapidly growing in influence. The goal of new urbanists is to reform all aspects of real estate development and urban planning. These include everything from permaculture to suburban infill.
What is used in Virginia to promote smart growth?
The Virginia General Assembly should do the following: Target scarce public tax dollars. Prioritize state infrastructure funds to existing communities and designated growth areas, including economic development; transit, bike, pedestrian, local street investment; schools; and water and sewer.
What is the difference between smart growth and new urbanism?
Whereas New Urbanism emphasizes more on the function and ethics of the construction environment, Smart Growth focuses more on planning. … Smart Growth is an urban planning and transportation approach that concentrates growth in compact walkable urban centers to avoid sprawl.
What are the principles of new urbanism?
10 Principles of New Urbanism
- Walkability. Most needs are within a 10-minute walk of home and work. …
- Connectivity. An interconnected street grid disperses traffic and encourages walking.
- Mixed-Use and Diversity. …
- Mixed Housing. …
- Quality Architecture and Urban Design. …
- Traditional Neighborhood Structure. …
- Increased Density. …
- Smart Transportation.
What is mixed land use?
As regards to the mixed land-use, it refers to the mixture of many types of buildings that have different uses in the layout itself. For example, there may be a mixture of residential buildings located nearby the office buildings, shops, cinemas, schools, coffee shops, parks and transport stations .
How does Smart Growth try to reduce the impact of urban sprawl?
Smart growth is the opposite of urban sprawl. … By reducing per capita land consumption and infrastructure and transportation costs, smart growth policies can deliver significant economic, social, and environmental benefits.
What are the environmental impacts of urban sprawl?
Although some would argue that urban sprawl has its benefits, such as creating local economic growth, urban sprawl has many negative consequences for residents and the environment, such as higher water and air pollution, increased traffic fatalities and jams, loss of agricultural capacity, increased car dependency, …